0333 006 2524 contact@aval-group.co.uk

Expert Air Quality Consulting Services

Air quality is a fundamental aspect of our environment that affects both the natural world and human health. Poor air quality can lead to respiratory and cardiovascular problems, damage ecosystems, and contribute to climate change. By prioritising air quality in planning and decision-making, we can help to improve the health of individuals and communities, protect the environment, and create a more sustainable future by reducing air pollution to an acceptable level.

We can offer our clients a full range of air quality assessment services for planning including:

  • Air Quality Survey Assessment to accompany planning application
  • Mitigation Statement and Damage Cost Analysis
  • Air Quality Neutral Assessment
  • DMRB Screening Assessment
  • Indoor Air Quality assessment
  • Mineral and Construction Dust Assessment
  • Assessment of Energy Plants (e.g. biomass boilers and CHP plants)

Why should you choose us?

Our expert air quality consultants have a wealth of knowledge and experience, from producing air quality assessment from screening to detailed specifications, for a range of sectors; including, planning and development, environmental permits, local authority review and assessment, and novel research projects.

On a day-to-day basis, our air quality consultants produce air quality assessments, mitigation statements and management plans to accompany a planning application for new development or change of use, as well as assist with the discharge of planning conditions. Our team of AQ experts are from either local authority backgrounds with working experience as Air Quality Officers or from multi-disciplinary consulting firms with a large portfolio of experience.

Aval Consulting Group Ltd is ISO certified and accredited by the United Kingdom Accreditation Service (UKAS)

Get your free Quote Today

Please fill out the initial free consultation request form below or just call us at 0333 006 2524 or email contact@aval-group.co.uk

One of our friendly consultants will contact you within 24 hours to discuss all your project requirements and provide you with our fee quotation.  

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Air Quality Assessment for Construction and Operational Phases for Planning Projects

Air quality is a significant concern for any development project that can affect the environment and public health. The purpose of the air quality assessment is to identify any potential impacts on the environment and public health and propose measures to mitigate these impacts. By doing so, the development project can proceed in a manner that is safe and sustainable. A typical air quality assessment may require carrying out one or more of the following steps:

1. Baseline Review: Air quality consultants will initially carry out a baseline review of the existing conditions, including any relevant monitoring data.

2. Policy Review: A review of applicable local, regional and national planning policies.

3. Construction Phase Assessment: Review the need for construction and/or operational phase of the development, and carry out the construction phase assessment to inform the necessary mitigation measures required to control dust and other air quality emissions associated with the construction phase of the development.

4. Operational Phase Assessment: If appropriate, carry out the operational phase detailed assessment to inform the impact on new or existing sensitive receptors as a result of the proposed development during operation and any necessary mitigation measures.

5. Dispersion Modelling: Carry out dispersion modelling of the operational phase using ADMS Roads, ADMS 5, AERMOD, CALPUFF, and Airviro.

6. Mitigation Measures: Provide an outline and justification of any proposed mitigation measures associated with the design, location, and operation of the development.

7. Monitoring: Install monitoring equipment to monitor air quality during the construction and/or operational phase of the proposed development.

In conclusion, air quality assessment is an essential component of any development project that can affect the environment and public health. The above steps will ensure that the project is carried out in a manner that is safe, sustainable, and in compliance with relevant planning policies and regulations.

Types of Air Quality Assessment

Planning and Development

Our Air Quality Consultants assess any AQ issue that relates to land use and its development is capable of being a material of planning consideration. The weight, however, given to AQ in making a planning application decision, in addition to the policies in the local plan, will depend on such factors as:

  1. the severity of the impacts on AQ;
  2. existing AQ in the area surrounding the proposed development;
  3. likely use of the development, i.e. the length of time people are likely to be exposed at that location; and
  4. the positive benefits provided through other material considerations.

Environmental Permit

  • Environmental Permit Application
  • Baseline Assessment
  • Detailed Assessment
  • Mineral Dust Assessment
  • Environmental Management Plan
  • Short term or long term air quality and dust monitoring and reporting
  • Site-specific air quality alert and forecasting systems
  • Bespoke data analysis tools and software development for air quality data analysis using coding languages such as VBA, Python, C# and R ‘OpenAir’ Tool

Local Authority

Our AQ Consultants provide local air quality management services for local authorities including:

  • Production of Annual Status Reports
  • Detailed Assessments
  • Exceedance day analysis report
  • Data interpretation with R ‘Openair’ Tool
  • Big data analysis
  • Dispersion modelling
  • Clean Air Zone Studies
  • Policy Implication Studies
  • Review of Assessments
  • Expert Witness

Health and Safety and Indoor Air Quality Assessment

Under the Health & Safety at Work Act etc 1974 and the Occupiers Liability Act 1984, an employer has a duty of care to ensure that a safe and healthy environment is provided.

We carry our workplace exposure survey for dust, noise and air quality in compliance with HSE and COSHH guidelines.



Our Air Quality Consultants have a cross-discipline team of researchers made up of electrical, mechanical, chemical, civil and environmental engineers supported by software engineers and mathematicians.

We assist our clients with new product research and development as well as provide solutions for complex site management for numerous sources and receptors.

 The Connection Between Air Quality and Traffic Pollution

One of the main sources of air pollution is traffic. Vehicles emit harmful pollutants such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter, which can have detrimental effects on the environment and human health.

In urban areas, traffic pollution is a significant contributor to poor air quality. The concentration of vehicles in cities leads to high levels of pollutants, which can cause respiratory problems, heart disease, and even premature death. It also has a significant impact on the environment, contributing to climate change and damaging ecosystems.

The Impact on Human Health

Poor air quality has a direct impact on human health. Exposure to pollutants can cause respiratory problems, such as asthma and bronchitis, and can aggravate existing conditions. It can also lead to cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, and even premature death.

Children, the elderly, and those with pre-existing health conditions are particularly vulnerable to the effects of air pollution. In urban areas with high levels of traffic pollution, these groups are at a higher risk of developing respiratory and cardiovascular problems.

The Impact on the Environment

Air pollution not only affects human health but also has a significant impact on the environment. Pollutants emitted from vehicles and industrial activities contribute to the formation of smog and acid rain, which can damage plants and ecosystems.

Moreover, air pollution is a significant contributor to climate change. The release of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, from burning fossil fuels, contributes to the warming of the planet. This, in turn, leads to more extreme weather events, rising sea levels, and other environmental issues.

Air Quality and Planning in the UK

In the UK, air quality is a significant concern, with many cities and urban areas exceeding the legal limits for pollutants. The government has recognized the importance of addressing air pollution and has implemented measures to improve air quality.

One of the key strategies is the creation of Clean Air Zones (CAZs) in cities with high levels of air pollution. These zones aim to reduce traffic pollution by charging high-emission vehicles to enter the area. The government has also introduced stricter emissions standards for vehicles and is investing in public transport and cycling infrastructure to reduce the number of cars on the road.

The Role of Planning in Improving Air Quality

Planning plays a crucial role in improving air quality in the UK. Local authorities are responsible for creating and implementing Air Quality Action Plans (AQAPs) to address air pollution in their area. These plans include measures such as promoting sustainable transport, reducing emissions from buildings, and creating green spaces to absorb pollutants.

Moreover, planning decisions can have a significant impact on air quality. For example, the location of new developments and the design of buildings can affect air flow and the dispersion of pollutants. By considering air quality in the planning process, local authorities can ensure that new developments do not contribute to air pollution and may even help to improve AQ in the area.

Air Quality and Ecology

Air quality not only affects human health and the environment but also has a significant impact on ecology. Pollutants can harm plants and animals, leading to a decline in biodiversity and damaging ecosystems.

Moreover, air pollution can also affect the growth and health of crops, which can have a significant impact on food production. This, in turn, can lead to food shortages and affect the economy.

The Importance of Protecting Air Quality for Ecology

Protecting air quality is crucial for maintaining healthy ecosystems and preserving biodiversity. By reducing air pollution, we can help to protect plants and animals and ensure the sustainability of our natural resources.

Moreover, improving air quality can also have a positive impact on agriculture and food production. By reducing the amount of pollutants in the air, we can help to ensure the health and productivity of crops, which is essential for food security.

Why Does Air Quality Matter?

Air quality matters for several reasons. Firstly, it is essential for human health. Poor air quality can lead to respiratory and cardiovascular problems, and even premature death. By improving air quality, we can protect the health of individuals and communities.

Secondly, air quality is crucial for the environment. Pollutants emitted into the air can damage ecosystems, contribute to climate change, and harm plants and animals. By reducing air pollution, we can help to preserve the natural world and ensure its sustainability for future generations.

Finally, air quality is essential for the economy. Poor air quality can lead to health problems, which can result in increased healthcare costs and lost productivity. By improving air quality, we can reduce these costs and create a healthier and more productive society.

How Can We Improve Air Quality?

Improving air quality requires a multi-faceted approach. Some of the key strategies include:

Reducing Emissions from Vehicles

As mentioned earlier, traffic pollution is a significant contributor to poor air quality. By promoting sustainable transport, such as public transport and cycling, and investing in electric and hybrid vehicles, we can reduce the number of emissions from vehicles.

Promoting Sustainable Development

The location and design of new developments can have a significant impact on air quality. By promoting sustainable development, such as creating green spaces and using sustainable building materials, we can help to improve AQ in urban areas.

Investing in Renewable Energy

The burning of fossil fuels is a major source of air pollution. By investing in renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power, we can reduce our reliance on fossil fuels and help to improve AQ.

Outdoor Air Pollution, Causes and Mitigation

Outdoor air pollution is a pressing global issue. It affects our health, environment, and even the climate.

Understanding its causes is the first step towards mitigation. From vehicle emissions to industrial activities, various factors contribute to this problem.

This article aims to shed light on these causes. It also explores the health and environmental impacts of outdoor air pollution.

Finally, we delve into strategies for mitigation. From renewable energy to individual actions, we’ll discuss how we can combat this issue. Let’s work together for cleaner, healthier air.

Understanding Outdoor Air Pollution

Outdoor air pollution refers to the contamination of the air outside our homes. It’s caused by harmful substances released into the atmosphere.

These pollutants can be primary or secondary. Primary pollutants are directly emitted from sources like vehicles or factories. Secondary pollutants form when primary pollutants react in the atmosphere. Understanding these basics is crucial for effective mitigation.

Primary Causes of Outdoor Air Pollution

Several factors contribute to outdoor air pollution. These include human activities and natural events.

Human activities are the main culprits. They release a significant amount of pollutants into the air.

Natural events, though less frequent, can also cause severe air pollution. Here are the primary causes:

  • Fossil fuels and vehicle emissions
  • Industrial and agricultural activities
  • Natural events

Fossil Fuels and Vehicle Emissions

Fossil fuels are a major source of air pollution. When burned, they release harmful pollutants into the air.

Vehicles, powered by these fuels, emit large amounts of nitrogen oxides and particulate matter. These pollutants are harmful to both the environment and human health.

Industrial and Agricultural Activities

Industrial activities also contribute to air pollution. Factories release pollutants like sulfur dioxide and volatile organic compounds into the air.

Agricultural activities, on the other hand, release methane, a potent greenhouse gas. This contributes to both air pollution and climate change.

Natural Events

Natural events like wildfires and volcanic eruptions can cause severe air pollution. They release large amounts of particulate matter and sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere.

While these events are less frequent, their impact on air quality can be significant and long-lasting.

Health and Environmental Impact

Air pollution poses serious health risks. It can lead to respiratory diseases, cardiovascular problems, and even premature death.

The environment also suffers. Pollutants harm wildlife, vegetation, and water bodies.

Moreover, air pollution contributes to climate change. It releases greenhouse gases that trap heat in the atmosphere.

Vulnerable Populations

Certain populations are more vulnerable to air pollution. These include children, the elderly, and those with pre-existing health conditions.

These groups are more likely to experience health issues due to poor air quality. Therefore, mitigating air pollution is crucial to protect these vulnerable populations.

Strategies for Mitigation

Mitigating air pollution requires a multi-faceted approach. This includes transitioning to renewable energy, implementing regulatory policies, and promoting individual actions.

Transitioning to Renewable Energy

Renewable energy sources, like solar and wind, can significantly reduce air pollution. They do not emit harmful pollutants like fossil fuels do.

Regulatory Policies and Urban Planning

Regulatory policies, such as emission standards for vehicles and industry, are crucial. They can limit the amount of pollutants released into the air.

Urban planning also plays a role. Promoting public transportation and green spaces can help reduce pollution levels.

Individual Actions and Community Engagement

Individual actions, such as reducing car use and conserving energy, can make a difference. Supporting clean energy initiatives is also important.

Community engagement is key. Grassroots movements can drive policy change and raise awareness about the importance of clean air.

The Urgency of Action for Improving Quality of our Air 

The urgency of mitigating outdoor air pollution cannot be overstated. It’s a matter of public health, environmental sustainability, and our shared future on this planet.

Air Pollution and Climate Change

Air pollution and climate change are two interconnected environmental issues. They pose significant threats to our planet and our health.

Understanding the link between these two phenomena is crucial. It helps us grasp the full scope of their impact.

This section delves into the role of greenhouse gases in global warming. It also explores how air pollution contributes to climate change.

Understanding Air Pollution

Air pollution refers to the presence of harmful substances in the air. These pollutants can be solid particles, liquid droplets, or gases.

Common sources include vehicle emissions, industrial processes, and the burning of fossil fuels. These activities release pollutants that degrade air quality and harm the environment.

The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming

The greenhouse effect is a natural process that warms the Earth’s surface. It occurs when the sun’s energy reaches the Earth’s atmosphere, and some of it is reflected back to space.

However, the rest is absorbed and re-radiated in all directions. Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap this heat, preventing it from escaping into space. This trapped heat causes the Earth’s temperature to rise, a phenomenon known as global warming.

The Role of Greenhouse Gases in Climate Change

Greenhouse gases play a crucial role in climate change. They include carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated gases.

These gases trap heat in the Earth’s atmosphere, contributing to the greenhouse effect. The increase in their concentration intensifies global warming, leading to significant changes in climate patterns.

How Air Pollution Contributes to Climate Change

Air pollution directly contributes to climate change. The burning of fossil fuels releases large amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.

These gases trap heat, leading to a rise in the Earth’s temperature. This process, known as global warming, is a major driver of climate change.

Health Impacts of Air Pollution and Climate Change

Air pollution poses serious health risks. It can lead to respiratory diseases like asthma and even cardiovascular problems.

Climate change, driven by air pollution, also impacts health. It can lead to heat-related illnesses and diseases spread by mosquitoes, like malaria.

Mitigating Air Pollution to Combat Climate Change

Reducing air pollution is key to combating climate change. This can be achieved by transitioning to renewable energy sources and promoting cleaner industrial processes.

Individual actions also matter. Simple steps like reducing car use, recycling, and conserving energy can make a significant difference in reducing air pollution and mitigating climate change.

Individual and Collective Action

Both individual and collective actions are crucial in addressing air pollution and climate change. By making informed choices and advocating for sustainable policies, we can contribute to a healthier environment and a more sustainable future.

Get your free Air Quality Quote Today

Please fill out the initial free consultation request form below or just call us at 0333 006 2524 or email contact@aval-group.co.uk

One of our friendly consultant from our air quality survey team will contact you within 24 hours to discuss all your project requirements and provide you with our fee quotation.

Please enable JavaScript in your browser to complete this form.

Content Last Updated: April 2024

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